人人有话筒的时代,“当代鲁迅”就是笑话 by 环球今日评

今天是鲁迅先生诞辰133周年纪念日。

鲁迅肯定想不到,自己这个笔名,在他身后产生的巨大影响力。他采过覆盆子的百草园,刻过“早”字的三味书屋,现在是一过节就被挤爆的旅游景点;他笔下一碗酒卖七文钱的咸亨酒店,已是全国连锁的“中国餐饮名店”。就算是不熟悉鲁迅文章的中国人,都会说上几句“世上本没有路”,或者“时间就像海绵”。

鲁迅也绝对想不到,自己这个笔名现在有多高的含金量,以至于知识分子们都拿它当一顶高帽戴。任何勇于批判现实,或者指望别人勇于批判现实的人,都乐意或自诩,或追捧别人是“当代鲁迅”。

很遗憾,现在来看,早几年那些“当代鲁迅”,要么还当着文青,要么做了“国民岳父”,没人再提鲁迅这回事了,这在今天看来像一个笑话。很显然,做鲁迅也是很要有点资格的。

最近热映的电影《黄金时代》里,鲁迅这个角色的宣传语是“想骂谁,就骂谁”。真的是谁敢想敢骂,还骂得好玩,谁就是鲁迅了吗?鲁迅自己说过,中国最需要的是改变人们的精神面貌,如果中国人思想不觉悟,就只能做毫无意义的示众材料和看客。鲁迅思想的精髓不是批判,是唤醒。鲁迅的根本着眼点,不在对现实政治的批判,在对国民心理的反思。他在用自己的笔,点醒昏睡沉沦的国民,重塑健康强大的灵魂。他想从思想上和文化上,为这个老迈而麻木的民族找一味药。这样的深刻和高度,谁有把握说自己达到?

鲁迅伫立的那个时代,是文化精英的黄金时代。人民大众文化层次普遍较低,个别学贯中西的大家,在芸芸众生间显得鹤立鸡群。而鲁迅远去的当下,是一个大众文化横行的时代,一个属于普通人的时代,整个社会受教育程度普遍提高,人们独立思考的能力不断增强,文化精英的作用相对在缩小。在这个人人有话筒的时代里,精英们的声音不但渐渐变小,还容易被粉丝裹挟。粉丝爱听什么,爱骂什么,精英们就怎么去说,怎么去骂。精英们如此媚俗的时代,哪里能生出硬骨头的鲁迅呢。

鲁迅远去的年代,不代表文化精英除了出书讲课骂街骗钱,就无事可做。鲁迅也说过:“我不是振臂一呼的英雄。”多元化价值混乱的时代,知识精英的作用依然存在,但如何真正继承鲁迅的深度,而不是简单的哗众取宠、嬉笑怒骂,考验着知识分子的担当。

(作者是环球时报评论部编辑)

来源:http://opinion.huanqiu.com/hqjrp/2014-09/5151264.html

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